By: C.P. Belliappa
Kodavas ( Coorgs) are a micro-minority community in India, who live in Kodagu district (Coorg) in Karnataka State. It is estimated that there are about 150000 ethnic Kodavas within and outside Kodagu.
Kodavas, by virtue of living quite isolated in a densely wooded hilly terrain on the Western Ghats of India since time immemorial, have developed their own unique culture, physical attributes, cuisine, language, attire, and religious rituals and practices.
Over the centuries Kodavas adapted themselves to the harsh weather conditions, dangers from wild animals, and the inhospitable terrain of Kodagu and transformed the land to an idyllic haven it is today.
With the passage of time, they toiled literally with bare hands to cultivate paddy in the valleys. With the forests providing bountiful supply of wild game, they became expert hunters initially with bows and arrows, and later with firearms which enabled them to emerge as a warrior race.
They transformed the fertile land and were able to grow enough paddy that they could export to neighbouring areas. The interactions with immediate neighbours in present day Kerala, Mysore, and Mangalore, influenced the Kodava language, places of worship, construction of their dwellings, and some of the religious practices as well. However, Kodavas still retain their fundamental philosophy of ancestor and nature worship. They come under the broad umbrella of Hinduism.
Kodagu was ruled by Kodava nayakas or palegars who were basically warlords. The Haleri dynasty established their rule in Kodagu after cleverly replacing the hopelessly divided nayakas during the early part of the 17th century.
The Haleri rajas ruled for over two centuries until the British takeover of the administration in 1834 after deposing the last raja. During the rule of the Haleri rajas and later the British, Kodavas remained the prominent community very much involved in the administration.
During the British rule education was introduced and this brought about quantum changes in the lifestyle of the Kodavas. Kodavas found several employment opportunities. Introduction and scientific cultivation of coffee and spices vastly improved the economy of the region. Kodava culture and ethos found expression in the writings by the British, European, and Kodava authors. By the time India got her independence, many Kodavas held important and high-level offices in sectors such as the defence forces, administration, revenue department, forest department, police, in the field of education, engineering and medicine.
Kodavas have several distinctive elements in their social, cultural, and religious practices. One of them is the deferential status given to women. There is no dowry system in the community. Centuries ago, widow remarriage was permitted. This enlightened attitude is now reflected in well-educated Kodava women shining in a variety of fields.
After India’s independence many Kodavas ventured out of Kodagu seeking better opportunities in education, employment, business, and sports. Kodavas are now spread all over the globe. The last three decades has seen a large number of Kodavas migrating outside the country. There is now a sizable number of Kodava diaspora in the US, Canada, UK, and Australia. In many cases there are a couple of generation of Kodavas born and brought up outside Kodagu and outside India as well.
While modernization has opened many opportunities for the well qualified, it has also distanced the young from their heritage and culture. This is even more accentuated amongst Kodavas living outside Kodagu. There is a need to establish a platform where young Kodavas could learn and keep in touch with the community’s heritage, cultural practices, folklore, music, dance, festivals, and history.
It is with this aim in mind that Mrs Codanda Rathi Vinay Jha, IAS Retd (in picture), Chair, India Foundation for the Arts (IFA), initiated establishing a Virtual Museum of Kodava Heritage & Culture (VMKHC). This project is evocatively named – Sandooka – a treasure trove of information. IFA has successfully supported several pathbreaking projects in the field of art and culture.
Sandooka will be a living museum that will be interactive and open to receiving relevant new material from the public. People, especially the future generations of Kodavas, will have an easily accessible platform to gather details of their heritage. Weblinks will also be given to some of the websites dealing with Kodava culture. It is hoped that this treasure trove of information will be of immense help to those who wish to carry out further research on Kodavas. VMKHC will cover the following aspects of Kodagu and Kodavas: Customs and Rituals, Cuisine, Architecture, Clothes and Jewellery, Art & Craft, Landscape, Literature and Folklore, Community Histories and festivals.
The project is funded with a CSR grant from Recaero India Pvt. Ltd., which is a pioneer in the field of aerospace engineering and is headed by Mr Vinay Jha IAS (Retd). A highly professional team has been forged to deal with every aspect of the project. The team comprises of:
Lina Vincent – Project Head, Upasana Nattoji Roy – Designer (Switch Studio), Saurav Roy – Designer (Switch Studio) and Mookanda Nitin Kushalappa – Researcher
IFA Office Bearers:
Rathi Vinay Jha, Arundhati Ghosh, Darshana Davé,
Chair, IFA Executive Director IFA Project Co-ordinator, IFA
Advisory Group: Rathi Vinay Jha, CP Belliappa and Hemanth Sathyanarayana.
Sandooka invites submission of Kodava artefacts, rare photographs, antiques including jewellery (photos), and anecdotes of yore. All accepted material will be given due recognition and credits. Sharing your valuable knowledge and collections will enrich the contents of Sandooka.
For details of submission of material, visit: Sandooka (sandookamuseum.org)